Imagined Ancestries of Vietnamese Communism: Ton Duc Thang and the Politics of History and Memory

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By Christoph Giebel

Imagined Ancestries of Vietnamese Communism illuminates the real and imagined lives of Ton Duc Thang (1888-1980), a celebrated revolutionary activist and Vietnamese communist icon, but it is much more than a conventional biography. This multi-faceted study constitutes the first detailed re-evaluation of the official history of the Vietnamese Communist Party and is a critical analysis of the inner workings of Vietnamese historiography never before undertaken in its scope.

In prominence and public visibility second only to Ho Chi Minh, whom he succeeded in the presidency, Ton Duc Thang in fact lacked any real power. Author Christoph Giebel reconciles this seeming contradition by showing that it was only Ton Duc Thong who could personify for the Party crucial legitimizing "ancestries": those that linked Vietnamese communism with the Russian October Revolution, highlighted proletarian internationallism among its ranks, and rooted the Party in Vietnam's south. The study traces the decades-long, complex processes in which famous heroic episodes in Ton Duc Thong's life were manipulated or simply fabricated and - depending on prevailing historical and political necessities - utilized as propaganda by the Communist Party.

Based on innovative archival research in Vietnam and France and on analyses of biographical writings, propaganda, and museum representations, the study challenges core assumptions about the history of the Vietnamese Communist Party and sheds light on divisions within the revolutionary movement along regional, class, and ideological lines. Giebel uses the fictions and contested facts of Ton's life to demonstrate that history-writing and the constructions of memories and identities are always political acts.


Critical Dialogues in Southeast Asian Studies
Publication Year: 2004
240 pages, 223mm x 152mm
ISBN: 978-9971-69-309-7, Paperback
ISBN: 978-9971-69-308-4, Hardback

NUS Press and University of Washington Press