China as a Sea Power, 1127-1368: A Preliminary Survey of the Maritime Expansion and Naval Exploits of the Chinese People During the Southern Song and Yuan Periods

$35.00 SGD $45.00 SGD

By Lo Jung-pang. Edited by Bruce A. Elleman

ebook available at

Lo Jung-pang argues that during each of the three periods when imperial China embarked on maritime enterprises (the Qin and Han dynasties, the Sui and early Tang dynasties, and Song, Yuan, and early Ming dynasties), coastal states took the initiative at a time when China was divided, maritime trade and exploration subsequently peaked when China was strong and unified, and declined as Chinese power weakened. At such times, China's people became absorbed by internal affairs, and state policy focused on threats from the north and the west. These cycles of maritime activity, each lasting roughly five hundred years, corresponded with cycles of cohesion and division, strength and weakness, prosperity and impoverishment, expansion and contraction.

In the early 21st century, a strong and outward looking China is again building up its navy and seeking maritime dominance, with important implications for trade, diplomacy and naval affairs. Events will not necessarily follow the same course as in the past, but Lo Jung-pang's analysis suggests useful questions for the study of events as they unfold and decades to come.

"... a valuable addition to the field of Chinese maritime history." - Tansen Sen, City University of New York

"... Lo’s study will undoubtedly be required reading in maritime and China studies."- Loh Wei Leng


Lo Jung-pang (1912-81) was a renowned professor of Chinese history at the University of California at Davis. In 1957 he completed a 600-page typed manuscript entitled China as a Sea Power, 1127-1368, but he died without arranging for the book to be published. Bruce Elleman found the manuscript in the UC Davis archives in 2004, and with the support of Dr Lo's family prepared an edited version of the manuscript for publication.

Bruce Allen Elleman is Research Professor in the Maritime History Department of the Center for Naval Warfare Studies at the U.S. Naval War College.


Publication Year: 2012
450 pages, 229mm x 153mm
ISBN: 978-9971-69-505-7, Paperback

NUS Press